1. Criminal Online Harassment – is conduct meant to cause distress. In online defamation, online copyright infringement and breach of privacy cases there is no need for the conduct to be distressing. Online harassment can be conduct that causes financial hardship, or mental suffering. The conduct should have a threatening or troubling aspect. In criminal law if found guilty, the offender may both be charged under s. 2, of the Protection from harassment Act 1997 (“the Act”), which carries a maximum six months in jail, and may be issued with a restraining order under s. 5, which if breached may lead to five years jail time. Additionally, Cyberstalking may also lead to prosecutions under the Malicious Communications Act 1988, the Communications Act 2003, and s. 127 of the Communications Act 2003.

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